The American and German cockroach are the two most commonly found cockroaches in residential and commercial establishments.
American Cockroach - The American cockroach is also known as the water bug or flying water bug. It is the largest of the common species growing to 1.5 inches or more in length. It is reddish-brown, with a pale brown or yellow border on the upper surface of the pronotum. They prefer moist, shady areas of ground cover, which are often found around foundations and swimming pools. When conditions are unfavorable, American cockroaches and other outdoor species may move indoors.
German Cockroach - The German cockroach is the most encountered, persistent, and difficult to manage of the house infesting species. It is light brown to tan in color and can be distinguished by the two dark stripes on the pronotum. They tend to live in kitchens and other food areas. German cockroaches are mostly active at night and hide in dark crevices during the day.
Wood Destroying Insects
The Termite and Carpenter Ant has caused the US consumers over $90 million dollars in damages.
Termites - Termites require specific environmental conditions to survive like moist soil, old decaying wood, and other environments high in moisture. The swarmer’s are the first visible indication that termites are present having two pair of wings equal in length and width. Termites can be distinguished by having three body regions- the head, thorax, and abdomen which are broadly joined with no constrictions as found in ants.
Carpenter Ants - Unlike termites, carpenter ants do not digest wood - they establish their nests in decaying wood (looks like sawdust) and later expand into sound wood. They typically enter buildings or homes around door and window frames, eaves, plumbing and utility lines, and shrub and tree branches in contact with the building or home. The carpenter ant can be black, a combination of black and red, or red and brown. Its forewings are larger and longer and of a different shape than the hindwings.
Bed bugs are nicknamed "The Hitchhiker" because they are most commonly spread through travelers via infested clothing, luggage, and laptop computers. They can also be aided in dispersal from one structure to another by the movement of infested bedding, furniture, and packing materials. They are small, brownish, flattened insects with an oval shaped body. Bed bugs feed solely on the blood of humans and domestic animals.
A thorough understanding of the physical abilities of rodents is very useful to stop or prevent infestation. If rodents cannot get around an object, they will gnaw or squeeze through it. They have poor vision (mostly color blind) and are more active at night when light and noise levels are low. Odor is one of the rodent's most important senses using it to recognize the pathway to and from food sources.
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